OCCURRENCE, DISTRIBUTION OF PANAMA DISEASE OF BANANA AND MANAGEMENT PRACTICES USED IN NARSINGDI DISTRICT

Israt Jahan Dina1, Rakibul Hasan1, Jannatul Mawa1, Aysha Akter2 and Md. Monirul Islam1*
Journal of the Sylhet Agricultural University, Volume 10, Issue 1, 2023, Pages 31-38

Abstract:

Panama disease is a major threat to banana production worldwide, including Bangladesh. A survey was conducted during 2020 in the Narsingdi district, one of the main banana-growing areas in Bangladesh, to evaluate the incidence and severity of Panama disease and identify suitable management practices. The survey covered 72 banana gardens in six Upazilas and found that the disease was prevalent in all surveyed areas, with varying incidence and severity levels. The highest incidence and severity were recorded in Monohordi, while the lowest incidence was found in Sadar Upazila, and the lowest severity was in Belabo Upazila. The pathogen was identified as Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc) through morphological and molecular analyses. The study suggests that the use of bio-fungicides, pit and sucker treatment, and crop rotation can be effective management strategies for Panama disease, but most farmers do not practice them. Therefore, there is a need to increase the adoption of these practices in areas with high disease incidence and severity to control the spread of the disease and protect banana production.

Keywords:

Fusarium oxysporum, panama disease, disease incidence, disease severity.


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Israt Jahan Dina1, Rakibul Hasan1, Jannatul Mawa1, Aysha Akter2 and Md. Monirul Islam1*. 2023. OCCURRENCE, DISTRIBUTION OF PANAMA DISEASE OF BANANA AND MANAGEMENT PRACTICES USED IN NARSINGDI DISTRICT, Journal of the Sylhet Agricultural University 10(1): 31-38.