A F Rabby, M A Hossain, M T Alam, M S Uddin and T Dey
Journal of Sylhet Agricultural University, 2015, Volume 2, Number 1; Pages: 87-95
A study was conducted on fish marketing system to find out different marketing channels, marketing cost, and margins of fish at different intermediaries in Moulavibazar district, Northeast Bangladesh. It was carried out from August 2012 to July 2013 in six markets through questionnaires method. A large number of intermediaries were involved in fish marketing channel as aratdar (commission agent), paiker (wholesaler) and retailer. Seven marketing channels were identified. Paiker or bepari (wholesaler) brought fish from producer and finally sold fish to retailer through aratdar with commission. In some cases producer bought fishes to arat (wholesale market). Total marketing cost of producer, aratdar, paiker and retailer were Tk. 8.47±0.225, 1.39±0.284, 10.99±0.467 and 3.21±0.186 kg-1 of fish, respectively. Total marketing costs for different intermediaries were Tk. 24.05kg-1 fish in Moulavibazar district. During peak period, (i.e., November to January) average net profit of aratdar, paiker and retailer were Tk. 3.48±0.072, 3.32±0.059 and 6.142±0.075 kg-1 fish, respectively. During lean period (April to July), average net profit of aratdar, paiker and retailer were Tk. 4.06±0.079, 3.65±0.073 and 7.14±0.08 kg-1 fish, respectively. Net margin of intermediaries during peak and lean period were Tk. 4.31 and 4.95kg-1 fish, respectively. This study explores important information about the sustainable and effective fish marketing system in Moulavibazar and other areas of the country.
Keywords: Economic status, marketing channel, marketing cost, marketing margin, peak and lean period
R Begum, T Akter, P P Barman, S S Marine and M M Hossain
Journal of Sylhet Agricultural University, 2014, Volume 1, Number 2; Pages: 247-252
Marine fishes contribute a very momentous role in the fisheries sector which is a paramount sector especially for the coastal community. The study was designed to observe the marine fish marketing system in the fishery ghat, Chittagong from July to December, 2013. The study was shown H. nehereus (7.2%) contribute highest species composition in the market whereas the highest market price was recorded for P. chinensis. There were three types of market (primary, secondary and retail market) which were almost entirely managed and controlled by a group of intermediaries involving sales agents, suppliers, wholesalers and retailers. Fishermen and fish assemblers sell their catch to suppliers (baperies or paikers) with the help of commission agents (aratdars), who got 3-5% commission through auctioning at the landing centers. Marketing cost of fish was highest in the secondary market (5.60±0.383 BDTkg-1) followed by the primary (4.30±0.401BDT kg-1) and retail (3.20±0.208 BDT kg-1) market. The income of wholesaler’s was highest (8000-1000BDT Day-1) followed by baparies (600-900 BDT Day-1), aratdars (500-800 BDT Day-1) and fisherman (220-500 BDT Day-1). Infrastructure of fish markets were not adequate with packaging, sanitation, water supply, drainage, cleaning, washing, maintenance and other necessary facilities.
Keywords: Marketing channel, marketing costs, marketing constraints, SWOT analysis
P P Barman, R Begum, S S Marine, S K Barman and A K Barman
Journal of Sylhet Agricultural University, 2014, Volume 1, Number 2; Pages: 239-245
The study was carried out from May 2013 to April 2014 to find out the fish marketing systems and socio economic status of aratdars of six upazilas in Gaibandha district. Four categories of fishes (Exotic, Indigenous, Live and SIS) were observed where maximum fishes were gathered from the surrounding area but imported from other countries was very rare in these markets. Commission agents obtained 3-4% commission from farmers was identified during the study period. The highest landing was recorded 391482.40 kg yr-1 (Pangasius pangasius in Gobindogonj) while the lowest landing was recorded 545.20 kg yr-1 (Channa punctatus in Sundargong). Fish price assorted from BDT 64.20±3.82 (Chanda ranga) to 798.80±10.09 Tk kg-1 (Ompok pabda). Preponderance (51.13 % in Gaibandha Sadar) aratdars were studied from VI-X class. Agriculture was major secondary occupation of the aratdars (56.44% in Polashbari to 81.49 % in Fulchari). The majority (46.23% in Fulchari to 70.73% in Gaibandha Sadar) aratdars were found to earn Tk 500-1000 day-1, while, only 16.71% aratdars earn Tk 100-500 day-1 in Gaibandha sadar and 22% aratdars in Gobindagonj earn above Tk 1000 day-1. It was remarkable that there was no private clinic facility for health service of aratdars in Fulchari upazila, but 68.02% aratdars got health service from community hospitals. Except very few market, infrastructure of blanket and retail fish markets were not adequate with packaging, sanitation, water supply, drainage, cleaning, washing, maintenance and repairs.
Keywords: Transportation system, marketing channel, market price, socio economic status of aratdars