A COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF LOCAL BREED AND CROSS BREED COWS IN A SELECTED AREA OF SIRAJGANG DISTRICT

G K Ghosh, M A Khatun and B Banu
Journal of the Sylhet Agricultural University, Volume 2, Issue 2, 2015, Pages 267-273

Abstract:

The present study was undertaken to analyze the relative profitability of dairy cows. The focus of the present study was to quantify the cost and returns and to explore the interrelationship of factors affecting yield, cost and net return. It also attempted to examine the rural employment and income generation potentials of dairy enterprise. Dairy farming was studied in 5 villages of Tarash upazila in Sirajganj district from the study areas sixty farmers were selected randomly, based on the availability of which 30 were local breed raisers and 30 were cross breed raisers. Dairy cow rearing was found to be a profitable enterprise. The per day total cost of rising per cross-breed dairy to be profitable enterprise- The per day total cost of rising per local breed and cross-breed dairy cow was estimated at Tk. 22.65 and 64.40, respectively. Feed cost was the largest single cost item of raising dairy cows. The estimated gross return per cow per day stood at Tk. 57.56 for local breed cows while it amounted to Tk. 229.76 for cross breed cows. In this study, the net retums per dairy cow per day were Tk. 17.62 and Tk. 134.55 for local breed and cross breed dairy cows, respectively. The average milk productions per day per cow were 1.25 litre and 5.60 litre for local breed and cross breed dairy cows, respectively. The study identified some crucial problems such as milk marketing problem, scarcity of feed and fodder, lack of improved breed, lack of veterinary care and services, lack of institutional credit and high price of concentrate feed. The major remedial measures as suggested by farmers is to assurance of supply feeds and fodder, veterinary care and services, supply of institutional credit at low interest, availability of concentrate feeds, improved breeding and marketing facilities. Finally following the summary of the study some policy implications are suggested and scopes for further studies are indicated.

Keywords:

Dairy cow, cost, return, profitability, resource use efficiency


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G K Ghosh, M A Khatun and B Banu. 2015. A COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF LOCAL BREED AND CROSS BREED COWS IN A SELECTED AREA OF SIRAJGANG DISTRICT, Journal of the Sylhet Agricultural University 2(2): 267-273.