Prevalence and therapeutic management of Canine Parvovirus (CPV) in Bangladesh

MF Rafiq, MR Islam, KA Chowdhury and MM Hossain*
Journal of the Sylhet Agricultural University, Volume 6, Issue 1 and 2, 2019, Pages 11-17

Abstract:

A study on Canine Parvovirus (CPV) infection in dogs at Dhaka city of Bangladesh was conducted to determine its prevalence and therapeutic responses. A total of 50 (fifty) dogs of different breeds were clinically examined. A total 50 (fifty) fecal samples were collected from sick dogs and screened for the detection of Canine Parvovirus antigen using rapid CPV Ag detection kit. Screening of 50 (fifty) fecal samples revealed 16 CPV positive samples with a prevalence of 32%. The main clinical signs observed among the CPV infected dogs were bloody diarrhea (75%), vomition (97.4%) and severe dehydration (81.2%). The highest prevalence was found among 1-3 months (50%) old dogs followed by 4-6 months (40%), 7-9 months (23.1%) old dogs and over 9 months (10%). Higher prevalence was found among non-vaccinated (55.55%) than vaccinated (4.34%) dogs. Male dogs (38.7%) were more susceptible than females (21.1%). Higher prevalence was observed in Dhaka North City Corporation (37.5%) area than Dhaka South City Corporation (26.9%) area. Variation in prevalence of CPV was also observed in different breeds estimating as indigenous (40%), German shepherd (33.3%), Spitz (33.3%), Lhasa (28.5%), Doberman (25%), Labrador (25%) and Rottweiler (20%). Affected dogs were treated with Ceftriaxone (25-50 mg/kg body weight I/M SID for 7 days), I/V saline, Ondansetron (0.2mg/kg body weight orally q8h for 7 days). Among 16 positive cases 14 dogs (87.5%) were recovered after full course of treatment and 2 dogs (12.5%) died. Further studies should be conducted with large sample size and coverage to investigate the CPV detection rate in vaccinated and non-vaccinated dogs.

Keywords:

Canine parvovirus (CPV), detection, therapy, prevalence, Bangladesh


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MF Rafiq, MR Islam, KA Chowdhury and MM Hossain*. 2019. Prevalence and therapeutic management of Canine Parvovirus (CPV) in Bangladesh, Journal of the Sylhet Agricultural University 6(1 and 2): 11-17.